5 Photo Composition Rules

Composition rules

We know that with a bit of knowledge and the right light those birthdays pictures would look more interesting. Composition as the word suggests means composing, arranging things around. It means closing the frame in order to enhance the final outlook.

If you want to remember those beautiful moments behind the images, these simple guidelines would help you along the way.

However, rules can be broken, remember that at the end of the day a picture is your vision of the world that unfolds in front of you. Your pictures tell your take of the world.

Nonetheless, here are 5 tips that I seriously recommend to take in:

Leading Lines: direct the viewer to follow a path, wherever that is: a street, a river, a country road, a set of houses going down the hill, a railway, any line or set of lines that direct the eyes somewhere, make the picture more interesting.

Lines bring dynamism to the image.




Rule of Thirds: the picture is divided by imaginary lines vertically and horizontally, some sort of grid. The subject must be placed within one of those small frames resulted from the division.

The same applies to pictures of the horizon: if you place the horizon in the middle of the picture it would look dull and monotonous. Conversely, the further you move from the centre the more interesting the picture looks.

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Patterns and Textures: close the angle into a more detailed view. The result brings about patterns and textures that you weren’t aware of .

The closer you look the more tactile the subject becomes. Patterns bring an element of repetition. Patterns and textures require a closer look, it allows to re-discover every day objects.


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Frame within the Frame: the subject is already framed by some other element: it could be a window, a mark on the wall, a stall.

Framing something that is already framed accentuate the focus towards the subject. It’s another contextual layer. It helps direct the eyes towards a particular area.




 Background: if you want the subject on the foreground as the main focus of attention, the background should be clear, so it does not interfere with your focus point. A cluttered background makes it harder to organise the vision. Paying attention to the background is essential when it comes to compose a photograph, it tells how evident your subject is.





These tips are not exhaustive, there are plenty of rules that can help you take better photographs. The more you practise the more conscious you become when pressing the shutter.
It’s vital though to keep the eyes open, look closely to the things that surround you, beauty could be standing right next to you.